18 juillet 2009

Journalists vs Academics

In response to the debate at Girish : Building large conversation (7-13-2009)
Opposition of film analysis by film critics and film scholars :
FILM CRITICS↔ FILM SCHOLARS
• Journalists↔ • Academics
• Work for the media
(industry of communication)
↔ • Work for the university
(institutions of knowledge)
• Servant of the collectivity↔ • Research activity
• Part of the union of film critics↔ • Part of the society of film studies
• Short articles↔ • Long erudit essays
• Incisive phrases↔ • Demonstrative rhetoric
• Clichés↔ • Jargon
• Burden of proof↔ • Evidence in methodology
• Subjectivity↔ • Science
• Judgement↔ • Understanding
• Taste↔ • Knowledge
From La Critique de Cinéma, by René Prédal, 2004
::
Interpretative Institutions
Comparison with (1) Journalistic criticism, (2) Essayistic criticism and (3) Academic criticism

PUBLISHING FORMAT
  1. Newspapers and popular weeklies (e.g., New York Times, Village Voice)
    Television and radio programs
  2. Specialized or intellectual monthlies or quarterlies (e.g., Cahiers du cinéma, Artforum, Partisan Review)
  3. Scholarly journals (e.g., Cinema Journal)
FORMAL INSTITUTIONS
  1. Employment by periodical
    Professional associations (e.g. NYFCC)
  2. Employment by periodical
    Galleries, museums...
    Colleges or universities
  3. Colleges or universities
    Centers and government agencies
    Academic associations (e.g., Society for Cinema Studies)
INFORMAL INSTITUTIONS
  1. Invisible colleges (network of acquaintances, mentors, disciples...)
  2. Circles and salons around periodicals
    Invisible colleges
  3. Invisible colleges
    "Schools" (group of practitioners or particular theory or method; e.g. auteur criticsm, feminist criticism)
From: David Bordwell, in Making Meaning: Inference and Rhetoric in the Interpretation of Cinema, 1989.
::

And to the above taxonomy I would add the internet branch of article publications, for those complaining about the crisis of paper publication, since it is possible to find a readership and "peer recognition" online in case of barrage by traditional publishers.
Though these links would probably fall under one of Bordwell's predefined categories (online journals = publishing format; podcast = formal institutions; blogs/forum = informal institutions) :

FILM WRITING IN NEW MEDIA
Likewise : (1) Journalistic criticism, (2) Essayistic criticism and (3) Academic criticism :
  1. Professional online press / blog (NYT, Le Monde, Jonathan Rosenbaum, Jim Emerson, Serge Kaganski...)
    Corporatist online journal (Undercurrent, Criticine...)
    Independent online periodical (The Auteurs Notebook, Indian Auteur, Daily Plastic...)
    Independent blogosphere (Strictly Film School, Independencia, The Evening Class, The House Next Door...)
    Podcast (Le Masque et la Plume, Daily Plastic...)

  2. Academic online revue (Offscreen, Rouge, cinemascope.it, Undercurrent, Eclipses, Senses of Cinema...)
    Institutional blogs (World Film Festivals, Moving Image Source...)
    Professional websites (The Criterion Collection...)
    Personal webpage / Blogosphere (Jonathan Rosenbaum, Girish, Dave Kehr, Serge Toubiana, FilmJourney, Elusive Lucidity...)
    Video essays (Shooting Down Pictures, Michel Reilhac, The L Magazine...)
    Podcast (Projection Privée, L'Avventura, Pinewood Dialogue...)
    Forum (Girish, Film of the Month Club...)

  3. Scholar online journals (Rouge, e-Jump Cut, Image & Narrative, Journal of the Moving Image, Rhizomes, Cadrage, cinetext...)
    Personal webpage / Blogosphere (David Bordwell & Kristin Thompson, Spectacular Attractions, DinaView, Craig Keller, Film Studies For Free...)
    Forum (Film-Philosophy, a_film_by, Dave Kehr...)
    Audio-Video masterclass (La Cinémathèque Française, Centre Georges Pompidou, Canal-U, Les Belles Captives Cinématographiques, Berkeley, Monash University, Ciné-Philo, Forum des Images...)

4 commentaires:

Catherine Grant a dit…

Harry, this is really useful - many thanks.

nitesh a dit…

Second to Catherine's comment. Extremely helpful for us here.

Maya a dit…

Let me add a third on that.

theseventhart a dit…

Ditto, but am I the only one who found it kind of funny? I mean, both these schools seem to take cinema away from common understanding!